Abundantia, Abundia (a-bun-daníshya) – See Fulla.

Aclis – Twin gods worshipped by the Teutons, said to be the sons of the Sky God.

Aegir [ pronounced “eye-ear”] – (“The Alebrewer”) Vana-God of the Sea (or Ocean Giant?), who lived on Hlesey island. He was skilled in magic. He can be good or evil. He and Ran have nine wave daughters, or “undines”. He represents gold, prosperity, sailors, sunken treasure, brewing, control of wind and waves. Mistblindi is his father and Logi is his brother.

Æsir, Asynur pl. [pronounced “eye-seer”] – A plural word meaning “pillars”; or “supports”; and is the collective name of the Old Norse Gods of the family of which Odin was the patriarch. The singular is Ase or Áss [awss]. Ása is used as a prefix to denote that the God or Goddess is of the Æsirî. The Gods are strong, beautiful and bigger than ordinary people. They live longer than humans, but they are not immortal. Every God has knowledge in different categories. They generally are good, friendly and helpful. The Vanirs who have lived in Asgard for a long time also counts as Æsir. Æsir are the gods of consciousness and the sky as opposed to the Vanir who are the gods of the earth and biological life/the subconscious. One early explanation of their name was that they were “Asia-men”, meaning from Asia. The Gods identified as Æsir are: Odin (Fjolnir), Fjorgyn, Loki, Thorr, Meili, Frigg, Tyr, Hermodr, Baldr, Hodr, Sif, Thrudh, Nanna, Forseti, Sigyn, Magni, Modi, Vali, Vidar. The Æsir are direct descendants of Odin by way of the father, or are females who have married (male) Æsir. Aesic (not Æsir) Gods are: Frigg’s servants: Vor, Hlin, Snotra, Vara, Saga, Gna, Syn, Eir, Fulla, Sjofn, Lofn; Thórr’s servants: Thjálfi, Roskva; and Odin’s Valkyries. The Gods identified as Vanir are: Holde, Nerthus, Njord, Freya, Freyr, Odh, Hnoss, Aegir, Ran, Ullr, Ulla, Gerdh, Skirnir, Heimdallr, Idunna, Bragi, Siofyn, Gefjon, Skadhi, Erde, the Undines, Svol, Ostara, Gullveig. The Vanir are direct descendants of Holde by way of the mother, or are males that have married (female) Vans. Vanic (not Vanir) are Mundilfari, Mundilfara, Mani, Sol; Freyr’s servants: Byggvir, Beyla; Freya’s Valkyries. The following are not identified as either Vanir or Æsir: Hoenir, Kvasir, Jorun, Helja.

Agnar – Older brother of King Geirrod, son of King Hraudung. He was lost when ten winters old on a fishing trip with his brother and, after being washed ashore, was looked after for the winter by Odin and Frigga. When they rowed home his brother leaped out of the boat first, kicked the boat back into the sea. Thus the younger brother became king. Many years later, after Odin (disguised as Grimnir) was captured by King Geirrod and tortured over a spit. In in series of riddles he identified himself as Odin. King Geirrod in fright fell on his own sword and died. Agnar then ruled as king for a long time after.

Ai – A Dwarf from the race of Lovar.

Alaisiagae – War Goddesses. See Valkyries.

Aldr – ON: Vital essence, life-age.

Ale Runes – Men used Ale runes to block the magical enchantments of strange women. Ale runes were written inside the cup from which the woman drank, also on the back of the man’s hand. The man would scratch the Nyd rune upon his fingernail as the final binding power. See also Vardlokkur.

Alf (ON alfr, alfar) – [pronounced “owl-vur”] Elf; sometimes male ancestral spirits.

Alfar – ON plural of Alf. [pronounced “owl-var”] The Elves, which are divided into three races Ljosalfar, Dokkalfar, and Svartalfar, or Light Elves, Dark Elves and Black Elves, the last also called Dwarves. Black Elves are commonly though to be the cause of sickness; their arrows (Elf-shot) cause stroke and paralysis. All of the Alfar are wise magicians. They will frequently take an interest in individual humans, as shown by such names as Alfred (Elf-counsel), Aelfgifu (Elf-gift), and so forth The Alfar are also unpredictable, taking pleasure or offense at the slightest things; your manners and bearing are exceedingly important in dealing with these wights.

Àlf-blót – An offering to the Elves or genius loci of a place.

Alfheim, Alvheim – 1) The world of the Elves, also called Ljøsalfheimr. 2) The hall of Freyr.

Alfrik, Algfrig – An artistic Dwarf, a son of Mimir . With Berling, Dvalin, and Grer, he forged Freya’s incredible Brising necklace. To get the jewelry she spent one night with each of them.

Alf-Shot, Elf-Shot – A condition that is caused by being “shot” by Alfs and can be the cause of physical conditions ranging from mild muscle spasms to bone cancer and nervous degeneration, having a part of your soul complex stolen or eaten as well as other unpleasant effects. The same effects can come from witch-shot and Dwarf-shot. Also, a general malicious harmful magical sending against a partciular victim.

Algron Island – Where Odin (as Harbard) stayed for five years.

Allfather, Alföder, Alfödr – One of the titles of Odin, “The Oldest of the Gods”.

Allsvinn – (“Very Fast”) Allsvinn is one of Sun’s two horses that drags the sun (the other is Arvak). They are chased by two wolves. Allsvinn has protection-runes carved on his hoofs. Arvaker is the other horse.

Alsvid – (“Very Strong”) The horse that pulls the chariot of the moon, driven by the god Moon. Under the shoulder-blades of the horse the gods put two bellows to cool them, and in some poems that is called “iron-cold”.

Althjof – (“Mighty Thief”) A soil dwelling Dwarf.

ALU – Literally “ale”; also means “luck” or “magical might”.

Alves, Elves – There are both Light Elves and Dark Elves. The Elves are good and have Freyr as their leader, but the Black Elves or Dwarves are evil-minded. They are skillful smiths. Light Elves and Dark Elves are often beautiful and sensible. and have same size and appearance as humans. The Light Elves live in Alfheim and in the second heaven, Andlang, where the beautiful hall of the light elves, Gimlé is located. The Dark Elves dwell in mounds, hillocks and rocks. The term “Dark Elves” refers to their abodes, and not to their appearance or moral character. The Black Elves or Dwarves live in Svartalfheim.

Alvheim, Alfheim – Alvheim is the world of the Elves, where Freyr and the Light Elves dwell. Lysalfheim, Freyr’s hall, Breidablikk, Balders dwelling, and Heimdal’s Himinborg hall are also situated in Alvheim.

Alvis – (“All-knowing”) One of the wisest dwarves. He is known for demanding to marry Thrud, Thor’s daughter. Thor challenged him until the the sun rose and turned him to stone.

Amber – A stone that is sacred to Freya. When she could not find her husband Od, she shed tears of gold. The tears that hit trees turned into amber. A kenning for amber is “Freya’s Tears”.

Andhrimnir – (‘The one with soot in his face’) Andhrimnir is the cook that slaughters the boar Saehrimnir every night. The meat is given to the hungry warriors in Valhalla. Eldhrimnir is the pot that Andhrimnir cooks in.

Andlang – Second heaven above and to the south of Asgard. Andlang is home of the beautiful hall of the light elves, Gimlé. The third heaven above Asgard is Vidblain.

Andvaranut – The magic ring Andvaranut is a part of the Nibelunggold. When the Dwarf Andvari was forced to leave the treasure he spelled a deadly curse over it. The ring was forged by Volund.

Andvari – A Dwarf, a shape-shifter, who lived as a pike in a pool in Svartalfheim. He had a huge hoard of gold and a special ring that could make gold. He lost his entire hoard to Loki when Odin and Hoener were captured. Loki needed ransom money. Andvari pleaded to keep just the ring as it could make him gold but Loki took it anyway. Andvari cursed the ring and said it would destroy everyone who owned it. The ransom was paid and they were set free. The cursed gold later caused the deaths of Fafnir, Regin and Sigurd.

Angrboda, Angr-boda – (“She who betakes sorrow”) A Jotun-Giantess, the mother, by Loki, of horrible monster children Hel, Fenrir-wolf, and Jormungand, the Midgard serpent. She lives in Ironwood, may be related to Skadi.

Annarr – 1) A by-name of Odin. 2) Also, the second husband of Night/Natt, with one daughter by her called Earth/Erda (Nerthus).

Antler – Freyr had a deer antler without a name, which was his only weapon after he lost his self swinging sword. With the antler he killed Beli, and in Ragnarok he sticks it into the Fire-Giants leader Surt’s eye before he dies.

Apple – The apple is symbolic of eternal life. It is the tree of Iduna, goddess of eternal youth. Apple’s rune, Ing, represents fertility and limitless expansion. Peorth and Cweorth are also runes of the Apple.

Aptrburdr – ON: rebirth. A process whereby the essential powers and characteristics of a person are handed down to, and inherited by, later generations. This usually happens naturally and along genetic lines. With this rebirth the next generation also inherits the fate (ørlög) of the progenitor and of the whole clan or tribe.

Ari – (“Eagle”) Ari is an Eagle-Giant who frightens the dead outside Nifilhel. Nifelhel is the kingdom of the Death-Goddess Hel. Hel takes care of those who have died of age or misfortune.

Aridva – A rock dwelling Dwarf.

Armsvartnir – Fenrir-wolf was chained on Lyngvi Island on this lake.

Arvak, Arvaker – (“Early Walker” or ‘The Early Bird'” ) One of Sun’s two horses that drags the sun’s chariot, chased by the wolves Hati and Skoll. Arvaker has protection-runes in his ear. Under the shoulder-blades of the horses the gods put bellows to cool them. Allsvinn is the other horse.

Asa, Asa-Gods – A God of the Æsir; The Æsir; also used to refer to the Æsir and Vanir together. Ases (pl)

Ása-Thór – Thor, the thunder god’s full name.

Àsatrù – The religion honoring the ancient Norse Gods. It comes from the words “Ase” which means “of the gods” and “tru” which means religion or belief.

Asgard, Asgardhr – (“Ases’ Garth”) World of the Æsir, the land of the Gods, “heaven”, in the very top of the World-Tree. Asgard is surrounded by a magical river that the Gods once set alight to kill Thjazi, the giant A bridge called Bifrost connects Asgard to the Underworld. There are two heavens above Asgard: Andlang and Vidblain.

Åsgardsreia – A band of superantural entities, with Odin at the helm, riding across the sky at Yuletide amidst much noise and rowdiness. See Wild Hunt.

Ash tree – The Ash tree is sacred to Odin. The Ash is considered to be the father of trees. According to Nordic tradition, the world tree, Yggdrasil, is an Ash. The Ash is the tree of sea power, or of the power resident in water. The first man, Askr, was made from an Ash tree. (His wife, Embla, was an Elm). Special guardian spirits reside in the Ash; This makes it excellent for absorbing sickness. The spirally carved druidical wand was made of Ash for this purpose. Because Ash attracts lightning (“courts the flash”), it is also a good conductor of önd (magical force), Wood cut at the Summer Solstice is best, making it a strong protection against ill-wishers. In former times, the sacred High Seat Pillars of halls and temples were made of Ash. Ash has its own rune, As.

Askr and Embla – Origin of humanity, the first man and woman. The first man, Askr, was made from an Ash tree. His wife, Embla, was an Elm. Odin and his two brothers Vilje and Ve found two wooden logs at the beach. Odin gave them life, Vilje gave knowledge and Ve gave feelings and senses.

, Asvido – A ruler of the Giants.The Giant who carved runes of wisdom on Yggdrasil.

Asynjor, Asynjur – The Goddesses who are the feminine versions of Æsics. They are also the female attendants of Frigga in Vingolf. One of them, a healer, was called Eir. Others were named Fjorgyn, Frimia, Fimila, and Hnossa the beautiful.

Atheling, Athling – Noble (can be used as either a noun or an adjective).

Athem – OE æthm [aythm]:The “breath of life”, the vital force of life borne in the breath.

Atrid – Another name for Odin.

Aud – Son of Nagifari and Night.

Audh-stafir – ON: staves of riches (the results of a runecasting).

Audhumla – (“Nourisher” or “Rich Hornless Cow” ) The name of the mythological sacred cow–the primeval shaping force of the Cosmos, created from the moisture where the heat from Muspelheim collided with the frosty fog of Niflheim. The great cow produced Buri by licking on the salty rocks of Ginnungagap and nourished the Giant Ymir with her milk .

Auja – Good luck.

Aurboda – The mountain Giantess Aurboda is Gymir’s wife. Together they have the son Beli and the daughter Gerd, a beautiful Goddess that Freyr married. Freyr had to give away his self-wielding sword to get his bride.

Aurgelmir – The primal being. The Frost Giants’ name for Ymir.

Aurochs -The extinct wild ox of Europe, last seen alive in 1627. Symbolized by the rune Uruz.

Aurvandil – (“Seafarer”)The friendly Giant Aurvandil is the sybil Groa’s husband. Aurvandil was the foster father of Thjalfi (Thorr’s servant). On their way back from killing the Giant Hrungnir, Thor and his companions were met by a violent snowstorm and a freezing cold. Thor saved Aurvandil from a certain death and carried him over the Elivogar straits from Jotunheimur to the citadel of the Elves. During the trip Thor did not notice that one of Aurvandil’s toes was exposed. It froze, so Thor broke it off and cast it up into the heavens, where it still stands as the star called Aurvandil’s Toe.

Aurvangar – Place in Jöruvellir where Svarin’s grave-mound is found, from which the race of Dwarfs called Lovar come from.

Austri – (“East”)The Dwarf who was put in the sky’s east corner by Odin, Vili and Ve. The sky is made out of the Giant Ymir’s head. The other three dwarves were Nordri, Sudri and Vestri.