A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Hair of Gold – The long golden hair of Sif (Thor’s wife) was her pride and joy. Loki, as a joke, cut off her hair. Thor forced Loki to find a way to replace it. Loki persuaded the Dwarves to spin hair of real gold for her. The hair grew to her skin as soon as it was put on.

Hajlmthrimull – A Valqyrie.

Haliarunos – Wise women of the Gothic tribe who used runes.

Hallinskisdi – Another name for Heimdall.

Hall of Fate – A beautiful hall near the spring of Urda under Yggdrasil. From it come three Disir called Norns, whose names are Urdjr, Verdhandi, Skuld. These women shape the lives of men.

Hall of Judgment – The gods gathered in council in here.

Hamfarir – ON: Hamfarir is shapeshifting, traveling around in an assumed shape or form different from one’s usual natural form. The power to do it is called Hamrammr.

Hammer of Thor – Called “Mjöllnir”, it hits every target at which it is thrown and always returns to the thrower’s hand.

Hamingja – A part of the soul that is passed on from generation to generation, associated with the fylgja.

HamrThe a shape the soul may take when it leaves the body. Several of the gods are able to change hamr, i.e. move their soul into another shape or creature. Its appearance directly effects the appearance of the lyke, or physical body. The hamr goes with the wode upon death and will assist in forming the lyke in the next incarnation.

Hamskerpir – (“The Thick-Skinned”) Hamskerpir and the mare Gardrofa are the parents of Gna’s grey horse Hoof-flourisher.

Hangadrott – (“The Hanging God”) – One of Odin’s many names. He can sit by hanged people to gain knowledge of the land of the dead. Once he went so far as to hang himself from Yggdrasil for nine days, more dead than alive, increasing his magical powers and runic knowledge.

Haptagud – (“God of the Gods”) Another name for Odin.

Harbard – (“Grey Beard”) Another name for Odin.Ferryman disguise used by Odhinn.

Harn(“Flax”) The Goddess of flax-dressing.

Har – A Dwarf.

Hárr- (“The High-One”). Another name of Odin.

Hárr’s Hall – One of Odin’s Halls

Harts – Four harts (deer) gnaw the high branches of Yggdrasil: Dáin, Dvalin, Duneyr, Durathrór.

Hater of Byrnies – A kenning for the Tyrfing, a magic sword forged by the Dwarves Durin and Dvalin. The sword killed most of the people who have owned it.

Hati Hrodvitnisson – (“One Who Hates”) A wolf that runs in front of the Lightdisir Sun and her horses over the sky. Skoll is the wolf that runs behind Sun. They are the Fenrir wolf’s sons and live in the Ironforest.

Hati & Skoll – The wolves chasing the sun and moon, sons of Fenrir.

Haur – Rock dwelling Dwarf.

Hawks – A kenning for ‘warriors’.

Heaven – According to Snorri there are three heavens. First, mankind’s heaven called Asgard. Second, to the south and above Asgard is another place called Andlang. And third, above Andlang is a place called Vidbláin.

Heidi – A witch from the ‘Song of the Sybil’, raised from the dead by Odin. A farseeing witch, wise in talismans, caster of spells, cunning in magic. Odin gave her arm-rings and necklaces to learn her lore, to see through all the worlds.

Heidh-rún – ON: The positive aspects of a given runestave; “bright-stave”.

Heidr – ON. A cunning-woman or “witch.”

Heidrun [hide-roon] – (“Heath-Run”) The goat on roof of Valhalla that feeds from branches of the World Tree. From her four udders come range beer, old beer, honey mead and wine for the Einheriar.

Heilar – ON: omens. If confirmation of the results of a divination are needed, omens should be taken. This is a traditional part of old Germanic (and Indo-European) divination&emdash;the necessity for “corroborating evidence” from another medium.

Heimdall, Heimdal [hame-dall] – (“Heaven’s Mount”) He is also called “the Son of the Waves” because he was born from the Nine Waves (Aegir’s daughters) by Odin’s enchantment. On the first day a boat drifted towards the shores of mankind, Aurvanga-land. In the boat was a little boy, Heimdall, sent by the Gods. He slept on a sheaf of corn, surrounded by all manner of treasures and tools. The humans accepted him gladly, and raised him calling him Rig. He taught them to kindle the holy fire, instructed them in runic wisdom, taught them workmanship and handicraft, organized their society, and originated and stabilized the three classes of men as spoken of in the Song of Rig. Heimdall lived long as a man among men, and the age of his rulership was a golden age of peace and prosperity. Heimdall bedded three different females who all bore children, ancestors to three different classes; earls, farmers and serfs. When he died, his boat returned to take him back. The sorrowing humans laid his corpse in the boat, and surrounded it with his treasures and weapons. The boat then sailed back to Vanaheimr, where Heimdall was stripped of his aged human shape, regained his eternal youth and was taken into Asgard. Asa-God of Light and the rainbow; “The White God”; he is the Guardian of Bifrost bridge. He stands at the gate and is brilliant in white armor. His teeth are gold. He has a great sword. He is a fierce warrior and very handsome. He has super-sight and super-hearing. He sleeps less than a bird. He can hear the grass grow and see hundreds of miles away. Heimdall carries a sword and the Gjallar horn. When a God comes to the gate, he blows the horn softly. At Ragnarok, he will blow the Gjall horn in warning and it will be heard throughout the nine worlds. His horse’s name is Golden Forelock.

Hel, Hela – Giant Goddess of Death and the Underworld which takes her name. She rules Helheimr (Gniprhel, Niflhel), the home of the dead who have not died in battle. She was sent into Nifiheim by Odin, who gave her authority over life in the nine worlds, on the condition that she shared all her provisions with those who were sent to her, those who die from disease or old age. She has a great homestead there with extraordinarily high walls and huge gates. She is the daughter of Angrboda and Loki, sister to Jormungand, Fenrir and Narfi. She is described as half black, half flesh-covered.

Hel, Helheim, Helgardh, Niflhel – One of the nine worlds, ruled by Hel. It is the abode of the dead who are not killed in battle. Most people end up here when they die. While cold, it is not a terrible place. It is not the same as the Christian concept of Hell. Realm of the instincts. Abode of stillness and inertia – unconsciousness. The final resting place of the soul of the non-Erulian.

Helblindi (“The one who binds to death”) A Water-Giant. His parents are Farbauti and Laufey. The trickster Loki and the Storm-Giant Byleist are his brothers.

Hel Bridge, Gjoll – Hel is a very immaterial place, so when Hermód came from heaven and stood on it, it shook more than five troops of dead men crossing it on horseback. It is thatched with gleaming gold and the maiden who guards it is called Módgud. From the bridge over the river Gjöll the road to Hel lies downwards and northwards.

Helgrind – (“Death Gate”) The gate between the land of the living and the land of the dead.

Heptifili – A Dwarf.

Herfjötur(“War-Fetter”) A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla. She often rides down to Midgard to pick the human warriors that are brave enough to go to Valhalla.

Herja – A Valkyrie.

Herjan – (“Raider”) Another name for Odin.

Hermod, Hermodh – (“Fast”) Asa Messenger of the Gods. The brave Hermod is the son of Odin and Frigga. Odin gave him the task to ride down to Nifilhel to bring Balder home after he had been shot by his brother Hodur. He rode to Hel on Sleipnir, Odin’s eight legged horse, for nine nights down dales so deep and dark that he saw nothing, until he reached the river Gjöll. He crossed the bridge and soon reached the gates of Hel over which Sleipner leaped easily. Hel said that if everything in the universe, dead or alive, wept for Balder then she would release him. Balder gave him Odin’s arm-ring, Draupnir, to take back to Odin in remembrance of him. The Æsir sent messengers throughout the worlds to ask all to weep for Balder; but a giantess called Thökk (Loki in disguise) refused to weep, so Balder stayed in Hel. Hermod represents honor and bravery.

Herteit – (“Glad of War”) Another name for Odin.

Hervor – Valkryie daughter of Hlovde who took Volund the smith as her lover. She, along with two other Valkryies, had flown to earth seeking love. The Norns forced each to leave their husbands after nine years, never to return.

Hevring – (“Heaving”) One of Aegir and Ran’s nine wave daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.

Hidge, Hugh or Hugr – (OE: hyge) The cognitive part of the soul, the intellect or “mind”.

Hilda, Hildr – (“Battle”) A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla. Göndul, Hildr and Skögul, are the most noble Valkyries in Asgard. Their task is to choose the men permitted to go to Valhalla. Hildr personifies the unforgiving war.

Hildeberg – (“Battle Fortress”) A Valkyrie.

Hildegun – (“Battle War”) A Valkyrie. The Light-Disir Hildegun was kidnapped when she was young and married to the emperor of the Dwarves, Ivaldi. Their children are Idun, Hjuki and Bil.

Hildisvin (hill-dee-sveen) – (“Battle Pig”) A great sow belonging to Freya. She travels at great speeds and is sometimes riden by Freya.

Hildolf – (“Battle Wolf”) Mentioned in Hárbarrdsljó, Hildolf lives at Rathsey’s sound.

Hildskjalf [hlid-skyalf] – The throne of Odhinn, located in Valaskjalf, from which he can see all the nine worlds.

Himinbjorg – (“Cliffs of Heaven” or “Mountain in the Clouds” ) Heimdall’s hall in Asgard, located at heaven’s end where the bridge Bifröst joins heaven.

Himinglava(“The sky shines through”) One of Aegir and Ran’s nine wave-daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.

Himinhrjot, Himinhrjotur – (“Heavens Clearer”) Giant Hymir’s huge breeding bull with half-moon shaped horns, the largest of his oxen. Thor used its head as bait while fishing for the Midgard Serpent.

Hjámberi – (“The Helmeted One”) A by-name of Odin.

Hjolgaddsringr -The Wheel-nail-rung, the Arctic Circle.

Hjorthrimul – A Valkyrie.

Hjuki Hjuki and his sister Bil were sent up to the moon with a bowl full of mead. There they follow the moon on its way around the earth. Their parents are Ivaldi and the Disir Hildegun.

Hlaut-tein – Hlaut-teinar (Pl.). ON: lot-twig, or “blood-twig”, i.e. rune lots.

Hlaut-vidhar – ON: Lot woods.

Hlautar – ON: lots, rune-staves

HlebardThe Giant who gave Odin the magic wand, Gambantein. When Odin got the wand he made Hlebard lose his mind.

Hledolf – A rock dwelling Dwarf.

Hler – Primal water God, also called Aegir.

Hlesey Island – (“Island of the Sea God”) An island near the undersea hall of Aegir and Ran.

Hlidskialf – Odin’s high throne in Valaskjalf, from which he sees and understands everybody in the world.

Hlin – (The one who takes pity”) Goddess of compassion and consolation, Frigga’s second attendant. She was sent to kiss away the tears of mourners and pour balm into hearts wrung by grief. She also listened to the prayers of mortals, carrying them to her mistress, and advising her at times how best to answer them and give the desired relief. She protects people whom Frigga wishes to “save” from a danger.

Hlodyn – Jörd.

Hlokk(“Noise” or “Din of Battle”) A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla. Hlokk often rides down to Midgard to pick the human warriors that are brave enough to go to Valhalla.

Hlutr – Lot for divination, a talismanic object. A small portable image of a deity.

Hnikar, Hnikud – ( “Spear Thrower”) One of the personas of Odin.

Hnitbjorg – Hall of the Giant Suttung, where he kept Mead of Poetry, guarded by his daughter, Gunnlöd.

Hnitibjörg’s Sea – A kenning for any for intoxicating liquor, Hnitbjorg is where the great Mead of Poetry was hidden .

Hnoss, Hnossi – (“Treasure”) Goddess of beauty, Freya’s daughter (see also Gersemi). She is so lovely that whatever is beautiful and valuable is called “treasure” from her name.

Hod, Hodur – (“War”) An immensely strong As, son of Odin and Frigg. Hodur was hunting in Iron-Wood and stayed overnight in a cave, where a witch bewitched him with a magical potion so that he was tricked into swearing an oath to gain the love of Nanna, Baldur’s betrothed. The magical potion filled Hodur’s heart with a burning love for his brother’s fiancee. When he woke up the next morning he was filled with shame, but nevertheless he was bound by his oath to betray his brother (a sign of Ragnarok). When Volund and Aurvandil handed over Freyr to the Giants, Hodur and Baldur, under the direction of Njord, tracked them down to northernmost wilderness of the world. An attempt at reconciliation totally failed, and resulted in an archer’s duel between Hodur and Aurvandil. Aurvandil proved himself to be superior, but Hodur was not hurt. After Aurvandil left the Elves’ citadel at Elivogar, many Giants crossed the border. Hodur joined these, and organized them to do battle with the Gods, but was defeated. Baldur brought his repentant brother (who was then blind from battle) back to Asgard. Shortly thereafter, Hodur was tricked by Loki into shooting an arrow made of mistletoe at Baldr, causing his death. Loki knew that Hodur was the only one of the Æsir, who could possibly be suspected of wishing to harm Baldur. The blood-revenge for Balder’s death was inescapable, even to the Gods, but no one could be found within Asgard who would slay Hodur, for this would deprive Odin of yet another of his sons. The Gods were in danger of being unable to fulfill their duty of revenge. Vali was born to destroy Hodur. Vali was only one day old when he killed Hodur. Hodur will return from the dead after Ragnarok to rebuild Hropt’s Hall, and the brothers will become friends again.

Hoddmimir- (“Treasure of Mimir”) Another name for Yggdrasil,

Hoddmimir’s Holt or Wood- Where the humans, Life & Leifthrasir, will hide while the world is being burned by Surt during Ragnarok. They are the two human survivors of Ragnarok who will repopulate world.

Hoenir, Honir – An Asa-God, who displayed aggressiveness and bravery. He was a great warrior but not clever. After the battle between the Æsir and Vanir, he was exchanged as a hostage (for the Vanir God Njord) to the Vanirs along with the very wise Mimir. The Vanirs took Hoenir to their leader, but when he remained silent, Vanir beheaded Mimir and sent his head back to Odin in retaliation. He was one of the gods that was present at the creation of man (the other two were Lodur and Odin). He will be one of the gods who will survive Ragnarok.

Hofvarpnir (“Hoof-thrower”) Magic horse of the Goddess Gna, who was Frigga’s messenger. It travels across sky and sea, offspring of Hamskerpir and Gardrofa.

Holda, Holle, Holla, Hulda – (“The Dark Grandmother”) These are German names for a Goddess who rules the weather–sunshine, snow, rain. She dwells at the bottom of a well, rides a wagon, and gives the gift of flax and spinning. She is the goddess to whom children who died as infants go.

Holokk – A Valkyrie.

Horn – An aspect of Freya as Giver of Flax.

Hor – A Dwarf.

Horg, Haerg – ON: altar. Originally this referred to an outdoor altar made of stone.

Hörgr – Pagan place of worship, an altar covered by a tent or canopy, also known as træf.

Horse – The animal that is sacred to Odin.

Horses of the Sea – A kenning for boats.

Howe – A type of burial mound.

Hraesvelg, Hrelsweg, Hrœsvelg – (“Corpse-Eater”) Wind-Giant.The giant eagle that sits at the top of Yggdrasil. From his wings comes the north wind. He is always arguing with the dragon Nidhoggr. Between the eagle’s eyes sits a hawk.

Hrafn – Raven, intelligence and knowledge

Hrauthung – A ruler of the Giants, father of Agnar and Geirröth.

Hreidmar [hrade-mar] -The Giant Hreidmar is a farmer-magician. He has three sons; Fafnir, Otter, and Regin. He captured Odin, Loki, and Hœnir for accidentally killing his son, Otter, and would not let them go until Loki brought him enough gold to cover his sons body inside and out. Loki stole the Nibelung gold to turn over as ransom. Hreidmar died as a result of the cursed gold, killed by his son Fafnir, who then took dragon form to guard the gold hoard.

Hridvitner – Another name for Fenrir wolf.

Hrimfaxi – Nott’s horse; drips from his bit create dew all over the world.

Hrimgrimir, Hrimnir – (“Frost Shrouded”) A hideous troll who sits by the gate of Hel, a Frost Giant.

Hrimthurs – The name of the disguised Giant who offered to build Valhalla within eighteen months to protect the Æsir from Cliff-Giants. As his reward he wanted Freya as his wife along with Sun and Moon. They gods agreed only if he could do it before summer. Using his horse, Svadilfari, to draw the huge rocks he almost succeeded. Loki distracted his horse and he never finished. Soon after, he was revealed as an evil Giant and was killed by Thor.

Hringhorni – The name of Balder’s ship. His funeral pyre was placed on this boat and it was pushed out to sea while it burned. His wife, Nanna, who had died from grief, and his horse were also placed on the boat.

Hrist – (“The Shaker”) A Valkyrie assigned to carry the drinks round and look after the table service and ale-cups in Valhalla. Hrist and Mist bring an ale horn to Odin. They are his personal servants.

Hrod – A Giant.

Hronn(“Wave Suck”) Hronn is one of Aegir and Ran’s nine wave-daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.

Hropt, Hroptatyr – (“The Doomer”) Another name for Odin in Valhalla.

Hropt’s Hall – Valhalla, Odin’s Hall.

Hrossthjofur – Brother to Gullveig & Loki

HrotteThe sword Hrotte was a part of the gold treasure guarded by the dragon Fafni. It was taken by Sigurdr Fafnisbari when he had killed the dragon.

Hrund – A Valkyrie.

Hrungnir, Rungnir – The strongest of the Giants, had a stone heart with three points on it. His head and shield were also made of stone. He wagered with Odin about who had the better horse. Odin won race to the As-gates where the Æsir invited Hrungnir in for a drink. Hrungnir got drunk and threatened to remove Valhalla, bury Asgard, kill the Gods, and take Freyia and Sif with him. He was challenged by Thor to a battle. When Thorr killed him, a piece of the Giant’s whetstone lodged in Thorr’s head. Hrungnir’s horse, Gullfaxi, was given by Thorr to his son, Magni.

Hrym – Leader of the Giants, who will steer the great ship Naglfar at Ragnarok.

Hugauga – ON: The mind’s eye used for purposes of magical visualization. Identical with the ajña chakra, or “third eye” in the forehead.

Hughr The hughr is the conscious part of the soul, the thought process. The hughr is said to go to either Valhalla, Hel or to some other godly abode upon death.

Hugi, Huge – Hugi is the personification of the Giant Utgardh-Loki’s thoughts. When the Æsirs visited Utgardh, Hugi competed with the fast human boy, Tjalfi. Huge won because thought always is faster.

Huginn & Munnin – (“Thought” and “Memory”) Odin’s two ravens. These Giant ravens bring news of the nine worlds to Odin.

Hugrúnar, Hugrunes – Mind runes, by which one gains intelligence. Closely related to Malrunes are the Hugrunes (or Hog runes). The word is related to the name of one of Odin’s two attendant ravens, Huginn, “Thought”. These are the mind-power runes. Traditionally they should be written upon the runemaster’s chest and ‘secret parts’. Their function is to bring mental excellence to the user. As in former times, Hugrunes are one of the most powerful and effective means of mind-consciousness.

Hugstari – A rock dwelling Dwarf.

Huldra, Hulder – Female wood- or mountain -sprites. They are very beautiful and lure men, but may be revealed by their cowtail. A runic charm, a “smjorhnutter” was carved on top of freshly churned butter so that the hulder would not steal it. See Huldru-folk.

Huldru-folk – The “hidden folk” are halfway in nature between trolls and landvaettir. They are peoples of the mound and forest, not slain by sunlight, but who often try to capture mortals by tricks and magic. They can be both helpful and harmful to humans. They are keepers of magical wisdom, generally related to the lore of plants and healing, though they also cause sickness at times.

Hunger Hunger is the Death Goddess Hel’s plate. It is probably in her dark stronghold, Eljudnir in Nifilhel.

Hurler – A kenning for Thor.

Hvedrungs – Another name for Fenrir.

Hvergelmir – [hvare-ghel-meer] A mountain located in Hel on which is found the world mill. It is the worst place of all, where the Nidhogg dragon knaws on the evil dead.

Hvergelmir Spring – (“Seething Cauldron”) The Well of Hvergelmir, guarded by the dragon Nidhogg. In Niflheim, it lies under a root of Yggdrasil, the World Tree. It is the lowest level of the Well of Wyrd, from which the forces of primal water holding yeast and venom flow.

Hyde – (ON. hamr) Body shape or image. The quasi-physical part of the soul which gives a person shape and form. It may be collected and reformed by magical power (hamingja) according to will (hugr).

Hyge – Thought, intuition.

Hym, Hymir [him-ear] – Tyr’s foster father. The violent Giant Hymir can smash massive stone columns with power from his eyes. His mother had 1,800 heads and his wife has 900 heads. He owns the kettle Seaboiler which is miles deep. He was fishing with Thor when Thor caught Jormungand. A terrible battle ensued. Hymir panicked and cut the line and let loose the Serpent, so Thorr punched him overboard.

Hyndla [hinnd-la] – Hyndla is a Giantess that rests in death slumber in a cave. She knows how every God, Giant, Dwarf and Alf are related to each other. She is great at solving inheritance disputes. Giantess who keeps the genealogy lists and the Memory Beer.

Hyrrokin – (“Fire Smoke”) A Jotun-Giantess with enormous strength, who rides a wolf with a bridle of snakes. At Balder’s wake his ship funeral ship, Ringhorne, had to be shoved, burning, into the sea, but the gods couldn’t even budge the huge ship. Even Thor gave up, and the Gods sent for Hyrrokkin. The formidable giantess lauched the ship with a mighty shove.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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