Radsvinn – (“Swift in Counsel”) A Dwarf.

Ragnarök – (“Doom of the Gods”) Presaged by several harsh winters in a row, it will the end of the era. There will be battles all over the world, with brother vs. brother. The wolf will swallow the sun, and the moon will be caught by other wolf. Stars will disappear, mountains will fall, trees will be uprooted. Fenrir-wolf will get free. There will be tidal waves as the Midgard Serpent goes ashore. Naglfar will be loosed from its moorings and captured by Giant Hrym. The sky will open and sons of Muspell will come through, with Surt riding in front amid fire. The Bifrost Bridge will collapse. All will meet in battle at Vigrid field. Heimdall will blow Giallarhorn. Odin will battle and be killed by Fenri -wolf. Thor will fight the Midgard Serpent, Freyr will battle Surt, and Tyr will fight Garm. Vidar will break the jaw of Fenrir after it swallows Odin. Surt will burn entire world, and the earth will sink into the ocean.

After Ragnarok – Earth will rise out of sea, and crops will grow. Vidar and Vali will be alive and will dwell at Idavoll. Modi (“Wrath”) and Magni (“Might”) will inherit Mjollnir. Baldr & Hod will return from Hel. Life & Leifthrasir, two human survivors of Ragnarok, will repopulate world.

Ragridr – A Valkyrie.

Rammaukinn – One possessed by superhuman strength through the practice of the northern martial arts.

Ran – (“The Ravager”) Vana-Goddess; wife of Aegir, mother of the 9 undines or “daughers of the waves”. She is the Sea Goddess and Goddess of death for those who perish at sea. She collects drowned people in her net. She is unpredictable and malicious.

Rana-neidda – A Lapp (Saami) Goddess. She brings spring renewal and grass for the reindeer

Randgnid – A Valkyrie.

Rándgrídr – (“Counsel of Peace” or “Shield of Peace” ) A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla.

Rani – The snout of a boar. See Svínfylking: Norse boar-cult warriors who fought in wedge-formation with two champions, ‘the rani’ (snout) to the fore.

Ratatosk [rat-ah-tosk[ – (“Teeth That Find”) The squirrel who lives in Yggdrasil. He runs up and down the trunk carrying insults between the dragon Nidhogg and the eagle who dwells in the top branches.

Reading – 1) The part of a ritual in which a mythic-poetic text is recited in order to place the gathering into a mythic time/space, to engage in the mythic flow of timelessness. 2) “Reading” the runes involves knowing the runes and their correspondences, to ensure that what was being cut, be it for secular or magical purposes, was appropriate. There is also a close correspondence to the modern sense of “psychic reading”, namely consulting for divination.

Rede – 1) Counsel, advice. 2) The part of a ritual in which the purpose of the working is stated.

Regin – Dwarf Regin is the son of Hreidmar and brother to Otter and Fafni. He killed his father, and later the dragon Fafnir, with the help of Sigurdr Fafnisbari and his sword Gram, to get the Nibelunggold.

Reginleif – (“Heritage of the Gods”) A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla.

Reginnaglar – ON. pl. Sacred nails hammered into the main pillars of a wooden temple.

Rekk – A Dwarf.

Reyn til Runa – “Reyn til Runa” is a Rune-Gild slogan. It is an Old Norse way of saying something pretty close to “study runes deeply”. Rune-Gild members often sign off with “RTR” or “Reyn til Runa.”

Rig (“God of Society’s Order”) A by-name of Heimdall.

Rime Giants – Frost Jotuns from the first era after the creation of the world.

Rimfaxi, Hrimfaxi – (“Frosty Mane”) Natt’s horse which runs over the sky every day and dribbles the morningdew in the grass.

Rimkalk(“Crystal Cup”) A cup used for drinking mead. Gerd gave Freyr’s servant Skirnir a Rimkalk mead and the same was served to the Æsirs in Aegir’s hall.

Rimstock – Danish wooden almanac. See Primstave.

Rind, Rinda – Rime-Giantess. Primal goddess of the frozen earth. Mother of Vali, by Odin.

RinghornirRinghornir is Balder’s funeral ship. When he was buried he and his wife, Nanna, who died of a broken heart, were put in the ship and it was set on fire and pushed out in the ocean.

Ring-oath – ON: baugeidhr. The holiest of oaths, represented by the arm-ring, which was the holiest symbol of troth. According to Eyrbyggja saga, the oath-ring always lay on the harrow, and had to be made of at least an ounce of precious metal. The godhi was expected to wear it on his arm at the Thing (law-meeting) and at other times when he called upon the might of the gods or touched them most closely

Ris, Risi – Old Norse the word risi meant a true Giant of great size, capable of intermarrying with humans; they were usually beautiful and good. The jotnar, singular jötunn, had great strength and age. Etins were usually friendly with the Gods. The thursar, singular thurs, were particularly antagonistic, destructive, and stupid.

Ristir, Rister – Carving-tool, used for runes. A kind of knife. One “rists” i.e. carves, the runes.

Rist, Hrist(“Spear Thrower”) The Valkyrie Rist is one of Odin’s two servants. Her task is to serve the men in Valhalla the never-ceasing four kinds of mead that comes from the goat Heidrun.

Rivers of the Nine Worlds: Sid, Vid, Sekin, Ekin, Svol, Gunnthro, Fiorm, Fimbulthul, Gipul, Gopul, Gomul, Geirvimul, Thyn, Vin, Tholl, Boll, Grad, Gunnthrain, Nyt, Not, Nonn, Hronn, Vina, Veg, Svinn, Thiodnuma.

Roskva(“The Quick”) Roskva is a human girl, but she lives in Bilskirnir with Thor and Sif. Tjalfi is her brother and Groa and Egil Skytten are her parents.

Róta – (“She Who Causes Turmoil”) Gunnr and Róta, and the youngest norn, called Skuld, ride to choose who shall be slain and to govern the killings.

Rown – A verb meaning “to whisper sacred things (that is, runes)”. It is the verb-form of rune.

Rune – The original meaning of the word “rune” in most Germanic languages is “secret” or “mystery”. A rune is not simply a letter or character in an alphabet–it is that and much more. Every rune is made up of three elements or aspects: 1) a sound (song); 2) a stave (shape); 3) a rune (hidden lore). he sound or phonetic value of the rune is its vibratory quality in the air, in space. This is the magical-creative quality that is inherent in speech. This is a cosmic principle with which runesters work when they sing or speak the runes in acts of Galdr. The shape of the rune-stave is the spatial or visible quality of the rune. This aspect can be the most deceptive because we put so much emphasis on what we see. The visible staves (characters) are only reflections of the actual runes, which remain forever hidden from our five senses, They exist in a realm beyond the three dimensions and are only approximated in the two-dimentional diagrams we can see. The runes themselves are complex and multifaceted and fit within a web-work which only further complicates the picture. No one definition of a rune is possible, for each rune is in and of itself infinite and without bounds. In practical terms the rune is the sum total of lore and information on the stave and the sound. The song is the vibration, the stave is the image, and the rune is the lore needed to activate the magic. Thorsson, Northern Magic.

Rune laying – An operation of runic divination in which the lots are not thrown, but rather laid in their steads of meaning.

Runestave -The physical shape of a runic character, or the physical object onto which the shape is carved (especially when carved in wood.

Rungne, Rungnir, Hrungnir – The strongest Giant in Jotunheim. His head is made of stone and so is also his pentagram-shaped heart. He is very boastful. Thor killed him in a fight.

Rym(“Old and Powerless”) The Storm Giant who controls the rudder on Naglfar, the ship that Hel, the Death Goddess, built using dead people’s nails.

Rÿnstr – ON: Runester, “one most skilled in runes”. General term for one involved in deep-level rune skill.