Sága – 1) (“Seeress”) Daughter or consort of Odin, one of the Asynjor (female Æsir). She is invoked for recall and memory. She resides by the stream of time and events. She was an attendant to Frigg. Some consider her just an aspect of Frigg. The sagas or songs of history are named for her. She resides by the stream of time and events. She lived in Sokvabek, a crystal hall, and drank daily from the river of time with Odin. Saga was once called Bil. She is invoked for recall and memory. The sagas or songs of history are named for her. At Ragnarok, she is the one who will see the flames from the elves territory. 2) The word saga “history” and “story”. The fundamental meaning of saga is “a narrative”. The sagas of the medieval Nordic world, principally preserved in manuscripts written in Iceland, are the written narratives of this civilization. Sagas most nearly approximate our historical novels – but are often leavened with myth and magic.

Sæhrimnir – (“The Sea Striped”) Each evening the boar Sæhrimnir is slaughtered, cut up, and cooked, to serve the warriors in Valhalla, but every morning he’s alive and healthy again.

Sál – ON: the “shade”, after-death image.

Salu – “Sun-kissed”, i.e. health.

Sanngridr – A Valkyrie.

Saxnot – Saxon helper god.

Scatach – (“She who strikes fear”) A Lapp (Saami) Goddess.

SeaboilerA one-mile-deep kettle owned by the Giant Hymir. Since borrowed by Tyr and Thor, it has been in Aegir’s posession, and used at his big beer fests.

Seater – Saxon deity of Saturday = Saturn.

Seid, Seidh, Seidhr – ON: A particular form of magic, used primarily by females. Odin is a seidh master, having been taught by Freya. The seidkona (seid woman) enters a trance state and connects with the spirits, who then give her advice. Seidh trance travel is comparable to shamanistic practices.

Seidh-hjallr – ON: The seidh witch’s seat.

Seidkona – ON: Woman who practices Seidr, a volva, a seer.

Seidmann – Nynorsk: meaning bad magician. (Since seid is frowned upon as practiced by males, it has a negative connotation.)

Sending – The magical technique of projecting runestaves and their powers out of the self into the world to do their rightful work.

Serpents and snakes – Countless of these are beneath Yggdrasil along with Nidhogg; some of them are called Goin and Moin (Grafvitnir’s sons), Grabak, Grafvollud, Ofnir, and Svafnir.

Sessrumnir – Freyia’s hall in Asgard; her dwelling is called Folkvangar.

Shape-shifting – A form of astral-projection or out-of-body experience. While the magician’s body lay as if asleep or dead, he’d assume the form of a bird, beast, fish or worm (serpent) and travel to distant places. Shape-shift battles are recorded. Injuries to a shape-shifter often affected the human form.

Siar – A Dwarf.

Sick BedSick Bed is the Death Goddess Hel’s bed. It stands in her dark castle Eljudnir in Nifilhel.

Sif – The second wife of Thor, Sif has the gift of prophecy. Sif is a swan maiden and can assume that form. She signifies summer fertility and corn. Having been married once to Orvandil, she is one of the elder race of Gods. Ullr was her son from that union. Her golden hair was cut off by Loki as a trick, and replaced with hair of gold made by the Dwarves. She gave Thor two sons, Magni (“Might”) and Modi (“Wrath”) who survive Ragnarök.

Sig – ON: Victory.

Signing – pl.signingar. ON. Magical signs or gestures made with motions of the hands to trace various magical symbols in the air around an object or person to be affected by their power. The magical technique of tracing runestaves in the air to “rist them in the world”.

Sigrdrifa – (“Victory Blizzard”) A Valkyrie, one of the Disir.

Sigrún – (“Victory Rune”) – A Valkyrie, one of the Disir.

Sigrúnar – ON: Victory runes, runes which are used to assist one in obtaining victory. These are used to gain advantage in all kinds of contests. They should be written upon the runemaster’s clothing, instruments, tools, or weapons.

Sigtyr – (“God of Victory”) A by-name of Odin.

Sigurdhr Fåvnesbane (sig-urd) (“Dragonslayer”) Human lover of the Valkyrie Brynhild. He could understand the speech of birds and could shape-shift into wolf form. He killed the dragon Fafnir, and Fafnir’s brother, the smith Regin. He married Gudrun, Gjuke’s daughter, even though he had betrothed himself to Brynhilde.

Sigyn, Siguna, Signy – (“The Faithful”) Goddess wife of Loki, whose two sons are Vali and Narfi. When Loki is punished, she stays with him holding a bowl over his face to save him from the snake venom dripping onto him.

Sindri – 1) Elf-smith who worked in Asgard. Brokk was his brother. 2) A red-gold roofed hall which will appear after Ragnarok.

SinmaraThe earth-pale Giantess Sinmara watches the rooster Vidofner. Her magic-wand, Laevatein, which she keeps away from the Giants, is the only thing that can kill the rooster.

Sitting-out magic – ON: Útiseta. Trance-state magic practiced in Seid..Both motionlessness and breath control are basics of Útiseta, the “sitting out” which is used to set the seidkona apart form the world she normally inhabits. The resulting “not-thinking” has the same intrinsic value for the runester, freeing body and mind and leading to the magical trance which is required to examine and explore the nine worlds of Norse creation.

Sjåmadhr – ON: (“See-Man”) A man who sees, a seer), that phonetically comes very close to the word ‘Shaman’.

Sjöfn, Sjofna [Syof-nah] – (“Affection”) Asa-Goddess of love, also known as Vjofn. One of the Asynjor (Æsir Goddess). It was her duty to stop fights between married couples. The Sjofn gives love and sex to both men and women. She is the mistress of the human’s passion and the only one who can arrage for dissallowed couples to be with each other.

Sjónhverfing – ON: A special subset of seid magic, the magical delusion or “deceiving of the sight” where the seid-witch affects the minds of others so that they cannot see things as they truly are. The role of seidr in illusion magic is well-documented in the sagas, particularly being used to conceal a person from his pursuers. Part of this power may have been due to hypnosis, for the seid-witch could be deprived of her powers by being deprived of her sight, and the effect faded when the victim left the presence of the seid-practitioner.

Skadi – (“Harm”) Daughter of the Jotun-Giant Thjatsi. Scathing Goddess of wintertime destruction, she wished to revenge her father that the gods had killed earlier. She is offered an Aesir husband. She desires fair Balder and so chooses the most beautiful pair of feet, which belonged to Njord. They did marry, but it didn’t last because she didn’t like living with the Æsirs. Scandinavia is named after her–the “land of Skadi”. Ullr was her husband after Njord. She may have been the third aspect of Nerthus. She brings the snow which insures a good harvest and she leads the Wild Hunt. The wolf and poisonous snake are sacred to her.

Skafinn – A Dwarf.

Skald – ON: A poet who composes highly formal, originally magical, verse.

Skaldcraft – The magical force of poetry; verbal magic (Galdr).

Skamold – A Valkyrie.

Skeggjöld, Skegghol – (“Wearing a War Axe”) A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla.

Skidbladnir [skid-blad-near} – (“Covered with pieces of wood”) The best of ships, constructed with great ingenuity for Freyr by the sons of Dwarf Ivaldi. It can sail in both air and water. It is big enough to hold all of the Æsir, yet it can fold up like a cloth to go in one’s pocket.

Skinfaxi – Dag/Day’s horse, whose shining mane lights the sky and sea.

Skirnir – (“The Beaming One”) Freyr’s servant. Skirnir rides to Jotunheim to get the Giantess Gerd for him. He gets Freyr’s horse, Blodighofi, as a reward. He was also sent to the world of black-elves and Dwarves to have Gleipnir made.

Skirpir – A Dwarf.

Skögul – (“Battle”) A Valkyrie who serves ale to the Einheriar in Valhalla. Göndul, Hildr and Skögul, are the most noble Valkyries in Asgard. Their task is to choose the men permitted to go to Valhalla. She is often associated with war magic.

Skoll – One of the two fierce wolves who pursued the sun and moon. The other is Hati.Their object was to swallow them so that the world might again be enveloped in its primeval darkness. Skoll is the wolf that chases the lightdisir Sun and her two horses. Hati runs in front of her.When nature dies before Ragnarok, Skoll finally gets to eat Sun. Skoll and Hati are sons of the Giantess of Iron Wood and Fenrir-wolf.

Skrymir [skree-meer] – (“Big Boy”) Utgard-Loki in huge Giant-form. Thor and his companions slept in his glove.

Skuld – (“She Who Is Becoming” or “That which shall be” ) One of the Great Norns. Gunnr and Róta and the youngest Norn, called Skuld, are Valkyries, who ride to choose who shall be slain and to govern the killings. With the other Fates, Skuld sits at the Urdawell spinning threads about the human’s future. Skuld comes from the verb skulu, meaning “shall”. In Old Norse this has connotations of duty and obligation, but in the most archaic levels when the term first arose, it merely indicated that which should come to pass, given past circumstances. The other Norns are Urdhr and Verdhandi.

Sleipnir – The eight-legged horse who conveyed Odin between the realms of spirit and matter and was symbolic of Time.He is faster and more clever than all the horses in the world.He can gallop over land, sea, or through the air. Sleipnir was the child of Loki (in female form) and a Giant stallion, Svadilfari. He is the father of Grane.

Slidrugtanni – One of the two boars that drags the fertility God Freyr’s wagon. The other boar is Gullinbursti, who with his golden bristle, is able to lit up the darkest night.

Snotra – (“Wise”) Goddess of women’s gentle wisdom and good manners. The Goddess of virtue and master of all knowledge. She knows the value of self-discipline.

Sokvabekk – (“Sunken-bench” or “Deep Stream”) The home of Saga, the daughter of Odin. It was a crystal hall is Asgard.

Sól – (“Sun”) The brilliant Sun Goddess mentioned in the Merseburger poems. Daughter of Munifauri , sister of Mani (“Moon”), wife of Glen. Rider of the chariot drawn by Alsvid and Arvak, carrier of the shield Svalin (“Cool”). She will be consumed by the wolf Soll and be succeeded by her daughter, Sunna. Also known as Gull (“Gold”). Gull and Sol are often interchangeable so she may be an aspect of Gullveig. Most commentators seem to agree that Gullveig is identical with Freya. See also Sunna.

SonSon is one of three bowls used by the Dwarves Fjalar and Galar while making Kvæsir’s blood into the Mead of Poetry.

Spae-craft – ON: The craft of fore-seeing, used by the Spåkonur in trance state. See also seid.

Spåkona – ON: Seidrkona, volva. One who uses utsetia, seidr. A seeress.

Stabaz – Germanic term for stave or stick, perhaps had to do with the fact that runes were carved on piece of wood that most probably were used in divinatory practices. Runo and Stabaz were so intertwined that the words eventually became synonymous.

Stadha – ON (stödhur pl.): “Standing”. Bodily postures which imitate the shapes of runestaves used in galdr.

Stadhagaldr – ON. “Posture magic”: the magical technique of assuming runic postures coupled with incantational formulas. Also, the meditational practice of standing in a rune’s shape and intoning its name. Developed by German Armanen magicians. The stadha (pl. stödhur) is the physical position.

Stafgardr – ON: Stave-surrounded sacred enclosure.

Stafr – ON stafir (Pl.): Stick, stave, letter, or secret lore.

Sudri – (“South”) The Dwarf Sudri was put in the sky’s south corner by Odin, Vili and Ve. The sky is made out of the Giant Ymir’s head.

Sumble – OE symble: The sacred ritual feast at which boasts are drunk.

Sunna – Daughter of the lightdisir, Sol and Glen. She will succeed her mother when Sol is consumed by the wolf Skoll.

Surt [sert] – (“Black”) An evil Fire Giant who guards the gates of Muspell and rules the fiery beings there. He carries a flaming sword. His hair is burning and boiling lava covers his body. He will kill Freyr in Ragnarok.

Suttung [soo-toong] – The Giant who guards the Mead of Poetry. Suttung, son of Gilling, got the Mead of Poetry from the Dwarves Fjalar and Galar when he was avenging the murder of his parents.

Svadilfari [svad-ill-far-ee] – (“He who picks the hard way) A stallion which belonged to a Rock Giant. Svadilfari is a very strong horse and helped build the Asgard wall. He mated with Loki (who had shape-shifted into the form of a mare) and produced Sleipnir.

Svafa, Sváva – A Valkyrie.

SvalinSvalin is the shield that protects Sun from the warmth of her carriage when she rides to maintain the day rythm. Her horses also have a protection called Isarnkol.

Svanhvit – (“Swan-White”) A Valkyrie.

Svartalfheim, Svartalfheimr – The world of the Black Elves or Dwarves. A “subterranean” world of darkness where shapes are forged.

Svartalfr, Svartalfar – ON: Dwarves, or Black Elves; also known as Dvergar. They were created by the gods out of the maggots that crawled through the flesh of the slain Ymir. They are very clever smiths, who forged Freyja’s necklace, Thor’s hammer, Sif’s golden hair, Freyr’s ship, and a hoard of other treasures for the golds. Their dwelling, Svartalfheim is beneath Midgardhr’s surface, and it is there that they hoard their gold and jewels. The dwarves are earthly craft and power which give shape to and being to the inspiration of the Ljosalfar. It was Svartalfar who slew Kvasir and made the mean Odhroerir from his blood, transforming the raw material of wisdom into the craft and art of poetry from which any who could might drink. The Kobolds of the German mines may be classed as Svartalfar, as may all of the knocking spirits heard in subterranean works. The Svartalfar are said to be miserly and grudging, as well as more ill-tempered than the other races of Alfar. The word dwarf is etymologically connected to the idea of harming, oppressing or maliciously deceiving. Like the Dokkalfar (Dark Elves), they are skilled in magic, having learned the runes through the Dwarf Dvalin, and they know magical songs; unlike them, they almost never willingly teach their magical knowledge, though at times they may teach the art of smithing to a human. …It is not uncommon for the Svartalfar to curse things that they are forced to make, such as the sword Tyrfing, or that are stolen from them, such as Advari’s hoard. They are also said to steal human women and children, perhaps because there are few dwarvish women. Yet, although they are often untrustworthy, viciously vengeful, and malicious, they can be surprisingly loyal and friendly to humans who treat them well….The Svartalfar are said to be dark of complexion, ugly, perhaps twisted; they often appear as short but very powerful men with long gray beards. Gundarsson, Teutonic Magic.

Svartrunir – ON: (“Black Runes”) Necromantic characters; runes used to communicate with departed spirits.

SvávaSváva is a Valkyrie that once fell in love with Helge, the son of a king. Their story is tragic. Helge was mortally wounded and the couple died together.

Sveid – A Valkyrie.

Svin – ON: Wild boar, formidable opposition.

Svínfylking – ON: Norse boar-cult warriors who fought in wedge-formation with two champions, the rani (snout) to the fore. Also the animal form taken in shapeshifting by these warriors.

Svipull – A Valkyrie.

Syn – (“Truth”) Guardian Goddess of doorways and of love. An attendant of Frigga, Syn guarded the door of Frigga’s palace, refusing to open it to those who were not allowed to come in. When she had once shut the door upon a would-be intruder no appeal would prevail to change her decision. She therefore presided over all tribunals and trials, and whenever a thing was to be vetoed the usual formula was to declare that Syn was against it.

SyrAn aspect of Freya as the Golden Sow.